SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS RELEVENT TO CHILDREN

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DNB Pediatrics theory question: Sustainable Development Goals


Introduction

  1. Post 2015 Development Agenda- for 2030
  2. Collection of 17 Global Goals, 169 Targets and 230 Specific Targets (50 of these Indicators are directly related to children)
  3. Set by United Nations in 2015 (25/09/2015)
  4. Succeeds Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  5. Goals apply to all countries
  6. SDGs cover social and economic Development issues including poverty Hunger, Health, Education, Climatic change, Gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, Urbanization, Environment and Social Justice.

Goals

  1. No Poverty
  2. Zero Hunger
  3. Good Health and Well Being
  4. Quality Education
  5. Gender Equality
  6. Clean Water and Sanitation
  7. Affordable and Clean Energy
  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
  9. Industry , Innovation and Infrastructure
  10. Reduced Inequalities
  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
  12. Resposnible Consumption and Production
  13. Climate Action
  14. Life Below Water
  15. Life on Land
  16. Peace and Justice
  17. Partnserships for the Goals

There are around 5 overarching areas of well-being for every child which are grounded in the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development. These five areas are that:

  1. Every child survives and thrives
  2. Every child learns
  3. Every child is protected from violence and exploitation
  4. Every child lives in a safe and clean environment
  5. Every child has a fair chance in life

UNICEF is the Global agency entrusted to monitor the above.
NITI AYOG is the Government agency in India overseeing interventions towards achieving SDGs.

The Important Indicators related to Children for UNICEF is custodian are as follows:

  1. Stunting
  2. Wasting/Overweight
  3. Skilled attendance at birth
  4. Under 5 Mortality
  5. Neonatal Mortality
  6. Early Childhood Development
  7. Early Marriage
  8. Female Genital Mutilation/Circumcision
  9. Child Discipline
  10. Sexual Violence against children
  11. Fully immunized Children
  12. Sexual Violence against woman and girls , by intimate partner
  13. Sexual Violence against woman and girls , by person other than  intimate partner
  14. Safely managed water
  15. Safely managed sanitation and handwashing
  16. Child Labour
  17. Birth Registration


SDG goal directly related to child health


SDG 3: Ensure Healthy Lives and Promote Well Being for All at all Ages

Target 3.1: By 2030 reduce global maternal mortality ratio to less than70/1, 00,000 live births

                    3.1.1 Maternal Mortality Ratio
                    3.1.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
      
Target 3.2: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all   countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births

                    3.2.1: Under 5 Mortality Rate
                    3.2.2: Neonatal Mortality Rate

Target   3.8: Achieve Universal Health Coverage
                     RMNCH Services
                     Infectious Diseases (TB, HIV, Malaria)
                     Non Communicable Diseases
                     Service Capacity and Access

Target   3.B.1: Proportion of the target population covered by all vaccines Included In their national program
                     Coverage of DPT (3rd Dose)
                     Coverage of Measles Containing Vaccine (2nd Dose)
                     Coverage of HPV (Last Dose)

Government of India, is taking several measures through Swach Bharath Mission, Mission Indradhanush, Programs promoting Institutional Delivery-Janani Surakshana Yojana and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram, National Health Mission, IMNCI, Poshan Abhiyan (National Nutrition Mission, Mother and Child Tracking System, ICDS and India Newborn Action Plan to achieve above goals.

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