Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs ) for well being in children

sustainable developmental goal for children

Table of content

Related DNB question

Sustainable development goals relevant to children (2018/1) 4


  1. SDG is a plan to guide global development, protect the planet and natural resources without compromising future generations.
  2. Collection of 17 Global Goals, each goal has several targets. There are total of 169 Targets and 230 Specific Targets (50 of these Indicators are directly related to children)
  3. Set by United Nations in 2015 (25/09/2015)
  4. Succeeds Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  5. Goals apply to all countries
  6. SDGs cover social and economic development issues including poverty Hunger, Health, Education, Climatic change, Gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, Urbanization, Environment, and Social Justice.


  1. No Poverty
  2. Zero Hunger
  3. Good Health and Well Being
  4. Quality Education
  5. Gender Equality
  6. Clean Water and Sanitation
  7. Affordable and Clean Energy
  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
  9. Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
  10. Reduced Inequalities
  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
  12. Responsible Consumption and Production
  13. Climate Action
  14. Life Below Water
  15. Life on Land
  16. Peace and Justice
  17. Partnerships for the Goals

There are around 5 overarching areas of well-being for every child which are grounded in the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development. These five areas are

  1. Every child survives and thrives
  2. Every child learns
  3. Every child is protected from violence and exploitation
  4. Every child lives in a safe and clean environment
  5. Every child has a fair chance in life

UNICEF is the Global agency entrusted to monitor sustainable development goals.
NITI AYOG is the Government agency in India overseeing interventions towards achieving SDGs.

The Important SDG Indicators related to Children

They are also called as custodian indicators. UNICEF is the custodian of these 17 Goals

  1. Stunting
  2. Wasting/Overweight
  3. Skilled attendance at birth
  4. Under 5 Mortality
  5. Neonatal Mortality
  6. Early Childhood Development
  7. Early Marriage
  8. Female Genital Mutilation/Circumcision
  9. Child Discipline
  10. Sexual Violence against children
  11. Fully immunized Children
  12. Sexual Violence against women and girls, by an intimate partner
  13. Sexual Violence against women and girls, by a person other than an intimate partner
  14. Safely managed water
  15. Safely managed sanitation and handwashing
  16. Child Labour
  17. Birth Registration

SDG goal directly related to child health


SDG goal 3 is to ensure Healthy Lives and Promote Well Being for All at all Ages

Target 3.1: By 2030 reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than70/1, 00,000 live births

  • 3.1.1 Maternal Mortality Ratio
  • 3.1.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

Target 3.2: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all   countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births

  • 3.2.1: Under 5 Mortality Rate
  • 3.2.2: Neonatal Mortality Rate

Target   3.8: Achieve Universal Health Coverage

  • RMNCH Services
  • Infectious Diseases (TB, HIV, Malaria) control
  • Non Communicable Diseases
  • Service Capacity and Access

Target   3.B.1: Proportion of the target population covered by all vaccines Included In their national program

  • Coverage of DPT (3rd Dose)
  • Coverage of Measles Containing Vaccine (2nd Dose)
  • Coverage of HPV (Last Dose)

To achieve the above goals the government of India is implementing several programmes such as

  1. Swach Bharath Mission,
  2. Mission Indradhanush,
  3. Programs promoting Institutional Delivery-Janani Suraksha Yojana and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram,
  4. National Health Mission,
  5. IMNCI,
  6. Poshan Abhiyan (National Nutrition Mission, Mother and Child Tracking System, ICDS and India Newborn Action Plan)

Further reading

  1. UNICEF and the Sustainable Development Goals
  2. 2030 Sustainable Development Goals


about authors

Avinash T | DCH DNB (Pediatrics), Dip Child right laws

Avinash has completed DNB in Pediatrics after DCH, from CSI hospital, Bengaluru with further training in child rights law

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