Pediatric multiple choice question with answers - Part 1
This is a set of 150 objective questions (MCQ) in pediatrics along with answers
These are one liners MCQ,s based on recall from previous exams. Feel free to submit corrections below.
At 4 months head circumference measures around?
Babbling is seen at?
Infection in neonates with a presentation similar to RDS is seen with this infection?
group b streptococcus
A Cherry red spot is seen in?
Gangliosidosis, taysachs, neiman picks
Viral infection associated with hypoglycorhacchia is seen with?
The organism causing swimmers ear infection is?
Erythrasma is caused by?
Gionnete Crostie bodies are seen in?
Hepatitis B infection
In Fatty oxidation defect urinary ketones are present or absent?
absent urine ketones
In the JSSK program, newborn follow up is done for?
In Home based newborn care, a newborn is followed up for?
Most common cardiac anomaly presenting with brain abscess?
The drug of choice in Segawa syndrome (dopamine responsive dystonia) is?
Drug of choice for infantile spasms in tuberous sclerosis?
Renal side effect of Topiramate side is?
Kep feature os Apert syndrome is
Delta brush pattern on EEG is seen in
anti NMDA receptor encephalitis
Which mucopolysaccharidosis has similar clinical features as GM1 gangliosidosis?
Hurler syndrome (type1)
Which neonatal reflex is exaggerated GM2 gangliosidosis?
Investigations in a 4month old infant following a first episode UTI?
Renal and bladder ultrasound
Non renal cause for which dialysis is indicated?
Metabolic acidosis, Hyperkalemia
Hyperplastic nails are seen in?
Rubenstein taybi syndrome
Current recommendation for a large hemangioma treatment is ?
Intralesional bleomycin/ propronolol/ topical steroids.
Nystagmus retractorius is?
Slow abduction of the eyes, followed by rapid adduction
4yr old neurologically normal child presents with generalized tonic clonic convulsion for 10min, what is the next plan of investigation?
The neural tube closes between?
3rd and 4th week
The preventive dose of folic acid for NTD is?
Wide opened AF is seen in?
Markers seen in dermatitis herpitiformis are?
IgA and anti TTg antibody
Common ophthalmic presentation of Multiple sclerosis is?
Large café au lait spot with irregular margins are seen in?
Mc Cune Albright Sydrome
Percentage of infants with spastic diplegia with MRI findings of periventricular leukomalacia?
Papular purpuric glove and stock syndrome is caused by
P wave changes in Right atrial hypertrophy ECG
P wave amplitude >2.5mm
In shock cardiac index is to be maintained at?
10 yr old with early morning seizures and dropping objects from the hand, the diagnosis could be?
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
Epilepsy syndrome that presents beyond infancy is?
Lennox Gestaut syndrome
The drug of choice for the west syndrome is?
Organisms found to be responsible for simple gastro
enteritis in GEMS
Rotavirus, ETEC, EPEC, Cryptosporidium, norovirus GI and II, enteric adenovirus types 40 & 41
Shigella affects which part of the intestine?
E Coli strain which causes persistent diarrhea
6 month old immunized presents with bacterial meningitis. What is a possible organism?
The usual age of presentation for Congenital glaucoma is?
from birth to 3yrs
Cornea reaches adult size by?
qrs complex reaches adult size
? 4 to 6 yrs
Sodium content in lactated ringer is?
Congenital toxoplasmosis presentation in neonate?
periventricular calcifications/ pneumonia/ encephalitis
Persistent tachycardia in a neonate is heart rate more than?
The earliest sign of septic shock is?
The inheritance pattern in Menkes syndrome inheritance
The inheritance pattern of color blindness is?
x linked pattern
Stills murmur is?
Still's murmur is a functional murmur which refers to a benign flow murmur across the aortic valve due to high cardiac output states.
VSD type associated with aortic regurgitation
The risk of hydrocephalus increases with?
high spinal defects
Renal angina index severity score moderate risk score is?
Renal biopsy indicated in unremitting ARF of this duration?
Common refractive error in an infant with retinopathy of prematurity?
LCH is associated with which type of deafness?
Both sensorineural and conductive deafness
Target leisons or bulls eye is seen in?
Mobius syndrome involves
Muscles that control facial expression and eye movement ( fascio scapulohumeral dystropy )
Commenest type of spinal mascular atrophy is?
Ragged red fibers are seen because of?
Accumulation of abnormal mitochondria below the plasma membrane of the muscle fiber.
All of the these a) limb girdle systrophy, b) dmd c) bmd d) mitochondrial disease are transmitted by a female except?
Limb girdle dystrophy.
Staphylococcus is a common pathogen in?
Chediak higashi syndrome
For diagnosis of toxic epidermolysis necrolytica, how much % of skin should be involved?
Both epidermis and subcutaneous tissue are involved in?
Steven Jhonson syndrome.
Acne form eruptions seen with this drug?
What is earliest skin manifestations of acne?
ECG changes in alcapa are?
Deep q waves are often present in I, aVL, and V3
qp:qs ratio, at which left atrial and left ventricular dilatation occurs?
Seizure mimic seen with GERD in this syndrome?
Staging of levido reticularis done at what level of skin (between groin to knee/ knee to ankle/ shoulder to elbow/ below elbow)
Spider nevi in children commonly seen in which area of the body?
Face, neck and sun exposed areas
Commonest sequelae following bacterial meningitis
sensorineural hearing loss.
Following bacterial meningitis what is the test to be done before discharge
Cicatricial skin lesions with limb hypoplasia are seen in?
What are child rights?
participation, protection, survival, development
True hermaphroditism is?
Presence of both testicular tissue with seminiferous tubules and ovarian tissue with graafian follicles in a single individual.
Lyme disease's earliest symptom are?
fever and myalgia
In Eosinophilic meningitis, number of eosinophils in csf is?
In tropical pulmonary eosinophilia, eosinophil count is?
Anti-arrhythmic class of drugs responsible for torsades depointes is?
CNS CONS infection is commonly associated with?
CSF shunt infection.
Indication for surgical intervention in case of cerebral abscess is?
Presence of gas in the abscess
In ICDS program – calories and proteins supplied are?
500cal and 10
The method to isolate chlamydiae is? – Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs)
Most common congenital defect in nose is?
Common presentation to the ER with a foreign body in the nose is?
A practical method to assess severe dehydration in a child is?
What is Pediatric assessment triangle is?
appearance, WOB, and circulation
Shawl sign in dermatomyositis is?
Raised rashes distributed in a “shawl” pattern over the shoulders, arms, and upper back, in a V
shaped pattern over the front of the neck and chest
Nakayama bodies are seen in?
In EtCo2 trace , at which phase the dead space gas will be exhaled/correlates
What is the test useful to differentiate between complicated and uncomplicated sam
A schoo going boy had a conflict with another boy and sustained hematoma in the neck region. The next day morning he was found to have contralateral hemiplegia. What could be the reason?
Answer? (aortic dissections/ lateral sinus thrombosis /subdural hemorrhage).
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis is caused by?
Extrapyramidal symptoms are seen with?
ROP screening time in an infant born at 28weeks gestation?
4 weeks after birth (at 31 weeks post menstrual age)
3yr old girl with developmental regression with wringing hand movements are seen in?
Functional closure of ductus arteriosus ocurs in?
10 to 15 hrs.