Friday, October 31, 2014

Exploring Nelson with Vasu : CNS 3

It is a series of blog-post, for asynchronous learning written by Dr Vasu Burli which are actually his handpicked notes he derived from Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. The notes are divided system-wise. The third in this series is ready to go online!

Series 1: CNS Questions
1. Stroke
2. Viral meningoencephalitis
        About Dr Vasu Burli
Budding intensivist, currently persuing Pediatric critical care fellowship from Apollo Chennai, did his DNB in Pediatrics from renowned institute Kanchi Kama -Koti CHILD’S trust Hospital, Chennai. His area of interest are pediatric Intensive care and Emergency medicine.

1. Stroke
Stroke has emerged as an important cause of acquired brain injury in newborns and children.
Types
Ischemic: arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT)
Hemorrhagic: hemorrhagic stroke and cerebrovascular disease.

Causes for arterial ischemic stroke:
Arterio-pathic

Focal cerebral arteriopathy

Transient cerebral arteriopathy

Moyamoya

Arterial infection

migrane

Cardiac


Complex cyanotic heart disease

Cardiac procedures

Arrhythmias

Endocarditis

cardiomyopathy
Genetic


Hereditary dyslipoproteinemia

Heritable disorders of connective tissue

Organic acidemias

Mitochondrial encepahalomyoapthies

Haematological


Sickle cell anemia
Iron deficiency anemia

Inherited prothrombotic
(factor V Leiden,
prothrombin gene mutation)

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Osce Pediatrics: Radiology picture

Chest x ray carries good marks in pediatric osce exams.
Few images to get understanding of basic Chest X ray, Click on the images to enlarge for clear view.

Friday, October 17, 2014

Cracking the code of theory: Bronchiectasis

Second post in series" cracking the code of theory" ready to go online. The topic of Bronchiectasis is not only usefull in theory but in practicals as well.


About Dr Ranjith kumar CS
He is Currently persuing DM in medical oncology from JIPMER, completed DNB from Kanchi Kamakoti Child Trust Hospital with a GOLD MEDAL in his hand, has great academic interests and contributed about 9 chapters  in scott pediatriks clinical methods in 3rd edition as author and is one of the co-author at dnbpediatrics.com
Bronchiectasis a disease characterized by irreversible abnormal dilatation of the bronchial tree
Children with bronchiectasis (not due to cystic fibrosis), the male to female ratio was 2 : 1.

Etiology and Pathogenesis:

Infections:
Bordetella pertussis, measles, rubella, togavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Non –Infectious :
Ciliary dyskinesia, immune deficiency syndromes

Congenital:
1. Williams-Campbell syndrome, in which there is an absence of annular bronchial cartilage